1832 -- Louisa May Alcott was born.
1838 -- Jesse Hord entered Texas at Gaines Ferry. He preached his first sermon at San Augustine the next day. He is considered to be the founder of Methodism in Texas.
1864 -- The Sand Creek Massacre occurred in Colorado when a militia led by Colonel John Chivington, killed at least 400 peaceful Cheyenne and Arapaho Indians who had surrendered and had been given permission to camp.
1890 -- Navy defeated Army by a score of 24-0 in the first Army-Navy football game. The game was played at West Point, NY.
1898 -- C.S. Lewis was born.
1929 -- The first airplane flight over the South Pole was made by US Navy Lt. Commander Richard E. Byrd.
1942 -- Coffee rationing begins.
1945 -- The monarchy was abolished in Yugoslavia and a republic proclaimed.
1947 -- The UN General Assembly passed a resolution that called for the division of Palestine between Arabs and Jews.
1961 -- The Mercury-Atlas 5 spacecraft was launched by the US with Enos the chimp on board. The craft orbited the earth twice before landing off Puerto Rico.
1963 -- A Trans-Canada Airlines DC-8F with 111 passengers and 7 crew members crashed in woods north of Montreal 4 minutes after takeoff from Dorval Airport. All aboard were killed. The crash was the worst in Canada's history.
1963 -- President Johnson named a commission headed by Earl Warren to investigate the assassination of President John Kennedy.
1975 -- Bill Gates adopted the name Microsoft for the company he and Paul Allen had formed to write the BASIC computer language for the Altair.
1976 -- Jerry Lee Lewis shot his bass player, Norman "Butch" Owens, twice in the chest while trying to hit a soda bottle. Lewis was charged with shooting a firearm within the city limits.
1981 -- Actress Natalie Wood drowned in a boating accident off Santa Catalina Island, CA, at the age of 43.
1982 -- UN General Assembly voted that the Soviet Union should withdraw its troops from Afghanistan.
1986 -- Actor Cary Grant died at the age of 82.
1987 -- In Burma, 115 people died when a Korean Air flight exploded and crashed into the ocean. The bomb was planted by North Korean agents.
1991 -- 17 people were killed in a 164 vehicle wreck during a dust storm near Coalinga, CA on Interstate 5.
1992 -- Dennis Byrd (New York Jets) was paralyzed after a neck injury in a game against the Kansas City Chiefs.
1995 -- Hurricane Opal hit the Florida panhandle and Alabama. Nine people died.
2004 -- Godzilla received a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame.