October 29, 1652 -- The Massachusetts Bay Colony proclaimed itself to be an independent commonwealth.
October 29, 1682 -- William Penn landed at what is now Chester, PA. He was the founder of Pennsylvania.
October 29, 1777 -- John Hancock resigned his position as president of the Continental Congress due to a prolonged illness.
October 29, 1853 -- Colabe Cillistine of the Alabama Indian tribe presented a petition to the Texas legislature for a permanent reservation. The Alabama & Coushatta tribes were granted over 1,000 acres in Texas in Polk County.
October 29, 1863 -- The International Committee of the Red Cross was founded.
October 29, 1901 -- Leon Czolgosz, the assassin of President McKinley was electrocuted.
October 29, 1923 -- Turkey formally became a republic after the dissolution of the Ottoman Empire.
October 29, 1929 -- America's Great Depression began with the crash of the Wall Street Stock Market.
October 29, 1936 -- Hank Snow made his first recordings. "Lonesome Blue Yodel" and "Prisoned Cowboy".
October 29, 1940 -- The first peacetime military draft began in the United States.
October 29, 1945 -- The first ballpoint pens to be made commercially went on sale at Gimbel's Department Store in New York at the price of $12.50 each
October 29, 1947 -- Richard Dreyfuss was born.
October 29, 1956 -- Israel invaded Egypt's Sinai Peninsula during the Suez Canal Crisis.
October 29, 1956 -- Videotape was used for the first time in network television programming. CBS recorded the evening news and fed the tape to West Coast stations 3 hours later.
October 29, 1957 -- "Oh Boy!" by Buddy Holly and the Crickets was released.
October 29, 1959 -- General Mills became the first corporation to use close-circuit television.
October 29, 1960 -- Muhammad Ali won his first professional fight.
October 29, 1966 -- The National Organization for Women was founded.
October 29, 1971 -- Duane Allman was killed in a motorcycle accident in Macon, GA.
October 29, 1973 -- O.J. Simpson, of the Buffalo Bills, set two NFL records. He carried the ball 39 times and he ran 157 yards putting him over 1,000 yards at the 7th game of the season.
October 29, 1974 -- President Gerald Ford signed a new law forbidding discrimination in credit applications on the basis of sex or marital status.
October 29, 1989 -- Lee Roy Jordan was inducted into the Dallas Cowboy's Ring of Honor.
October 29, 1991 -- The US Galileo spacecraft became the first to visit an asteroid - Gaspra.
October 29, 1995 -- Jerry Rice, of the San Francisco 49ers, became the NFL's career leader in receiving yards with 14,040 yards.
October 29, 1998 -- The space shuttle Discovery blasted off with John Glenn on board. Glenn was 77 years old.
October 29, 1998 -- The oldest known copy of Archimedes' work sold for $2 million at a New York auction.