October 14, 1066 -- The Battle of Hastings occurred in England. The Norman forces of William the Conqueror defeated King Harold II of England.
October 14, 1780 -- Patriot troops from North Carolina and Virginia militias engaged a group of British Loyalists at the Shallow Ford crossing of the Yadkin River in North Carolina. The battle lasted just under 90 minutes and ended with the Loyalists retreating.
October 14, 1843 -- Early Texas settler and inventor, Ole Ringness was born in Norway. He was the first mail carrier in Bosque County, TX.
October 14, 1879 -- Thomas Edison signed an agreement with Jose D. Husbands for the sale of Edison telephones in Chile.
October 14, 1887 -- Thomas Edison and George E. Gouraud reached an agreement for the international marketing rights for the phonograph.
October 14, 1890 -- Dwight David "Ike" Eisenhower was born in Denison, TX. He became the Supreme Commander of Allied Forces in World War II and the 34th President of the United States.
October 14, 1912 -- Theodore Roosevelt was shot while campaigning in Milwaukee, WI. Roosevelt's wound in the chest was not serious and he continued with his planned speech. William Schrenk was captured at the scene of the shooting.
October 14, 1922 -- Lieutenant Lester James Maitland set a new airplane speed record when he reached a speed of 216.1 miles per hour.
October 14, 1926 -- The book "Winnie the Pooh" by A.A. Milne made its debut.
October 14, 1928 -- The first televised wedding took place - Des Plains IL, James Fowlkes and Cora Dennison were married in a radio station.
October 14, 1930 -- Ethel Merman debuted on Broadway in "Girl Crazy".
October 14, 1933 -- Nazi Germany announced that it was withdrawing from the League of Nations.
October 14, 1936 -- The first Social Security Board office opened in Austin, TX.
October 14, 1943 -- The Radio Corporation of America finalized the sale of the NBC Blue Radio Network. Edward J Noble paid $8 million for the network that was renamed American Broadcasting Company - ABC.
October 14, 1947 -- Over Rogers Dry Lake in Southern California, pilot Chuck Yeager flew the Bell X-1 rocket plane and became the first person to break the sound barrier.
October 14, 1954 -- C.B. DeMille's "The Ten Commandments", starring Charlton Heston, began filming in Egypt. The epic had a cast of 25,000 people.
October 14, 1955 -- Buddy Holly, Larry Welborn, and Bob Montgomery open for Bill Haley & the Comets in Lubbock, TX. Eddie Crandell saw the show and arranged for Holly to record his first demo.
October 14, 1957 -- "Jailhouse Rock" by Elvis Presley was released.
October 14, 1957 -- "Wake Up Little Susie" becomes the Everly Brothers first #1 hit.
October 14, 1962 -- The Cuban Missile Crisis began when US reconnaissance aircrafts photographed Soviet construction of intermediate-range missile sites in Cuba.
October 14, 1964 -- Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for his non-violent resistance to racial prejudice in America. He was the youngest person to ever receive the award.
October 14, 1968 -- The first live telecast to come from a manned US spacecraft was transmitted from Apollo 7.
October 14, 1970 -- Anwar el-Sadat became president of Egypt following the death of President Nasser.
October 14, 1984 -- George "Sparky" Anderson became the first baseball manager to win 100 games and a World Series in both leagues.
October 14, 1987 -- Jessica McClure, 18 months old, fell down an abandoned well in Midland, TX. The rescue took 58 hours.