October 26, 1825 -- The Erie Canal opened in upstate New York. The 363 mile canal connected Lake Erie and the Hudson River at a cost of $7,602,000.
October 26, 1854 -- Charles William Post was born. He was the inventor of "Grape Nuts".
October 26, 1858 -- H.E. Smith patented the rotary - motion washing machine.
October 26, 1864 -- Notorious Confederate guerrilla leader William "Bloody Bill" Anderson was killed in Missouri in an ambush.
October 26, 1881 -- The "Gunfight at the OK Corral" took place in Tombstone, AZ. The fight was between Wyatt Earp, his two brothers and Doc Holiday and the Ike Clanton Gang.
October 26, 1886 -- The first Dallas Exposition opened in Fair Park in east Dallas. The site was later used to host the 1936 Texas Centennial Exposition. The Dallas Exposition eventually merged with the Texas State Fair and later became known as "The State Fair of Texas".
October 26, 1905 -- Norway gained independence from Sweden.
October 26, 1930 -- In Dallas' Fair Park, the first football game was played at the Cotton Bowl. The Southern Methodist Mustangs beat the Indiana Hoosiers 27-0.
October 26, 1935 -- Judy Garland at the age of 12, sang on Wallace Berry's radio show on NBC.
October 26, 1942 -- The US ship Hornet was sunk in the Battle of Santa Cruz during World War II.
October 26, 1944 -- During World War II, the Battle of Leyte Gulf ended. The battle was won by American forces and brought the end of the Pacific phase of World War II into sight.
October 26, 1944 -- Horace S. Carswell, Jr. died in China when his B-24 crashed into a mountain. He was later awarded a Medal of Honor for giving his life to save all members of his crew and for sacrifice far beyond that required of him. In 1948, Fort Worth Army Airfield was renamed Carswell Air Force Base.
October 26, 1949 -- President Harry Truman raised the minimum wage from 40 to 75 cents an hour.
October 26, 1951 -- Winston Churchill became the prime minister of Great Britain.
October 26, 1958 -- Pan American Airways flew its first Boeing 707 jetliner from New York City to Paris.
October 26, 1960 -- The American League awarded an expansion franchise to Washington, DC, following transfer of Calvin Griffith's franchise to Minnesota. This franchise eventually became the Texas Rangers.
October 26, 1962 -- The Soviet Union made an offer to end the Cuban Missile Crisis by taking their missile bases out of Cuba if the US agreed to not invade Cuba and would remove Jupiter missiles in Turkey.
October 26, 1970 -- "Doonesbury", the comic strip by Gary Trudeau, premiered in 28 newspapers across the US.
October 26, 1971 -- Al Green's "Tired of Being Alone", his first hit, went gold.
October 26, 1972 -- US National security adviser Henry Kissinger declared, "Peace is at hand" in Vietnam.
October 26, 1975 -- Anwar Sadat became the first Egyptian president to officially visit the United States.
October 26, 1977 -- The experimental space shuttle Enterprise successfully landed at Edwards Air Force Base in California.
October 26, 1979 -- South Korean President Park Chung-hee was shot to death by Kim Jae-kyu, the head of the Korean Central Intelligiance Agency.
October 26, 1984 -- "Baby Fae" was given the heart of a baboon, after being born with a severe heart defect. She lived for 21 days.
October 26, 1988 -- Two whales were freed by Soviet and American icebreakers. The whales had been trapped for nearly 3 weeks in an Arctic ice pack.
October 26, 1990 -- The US State Department issued a warning that terrorists could be planning an attack on a passenger ship or aircraft.
October 26, 1990 -- Wayne Gretzky became the first NHL player to reach 2000 points.
October 26, 1992 -- General Motors Corporation Chairman Robert Stempel resigned after the company recorded its highest losses in history.
October 26, 2001 -- It was announced that Fort Worth's Lockheed Martin won a defense contract for $200 billion over 40 years. The contract, for the "joint strike fighter", was the largest defense contract in history.
October 26, 2001 -- George W. Bush signs the Patriot Act.