1620 -- The Pilgrims left on the Mayflower from Plymouth, England to settle in the New World.
1781 -- British Brigadier General, Benedict Arnold, ordered his command to burn every building in New London, CT.
1819 -- Thomas Blanchard patented a machine called the lathe.
1857 -- John Benjamin Kendrick was born in Cherokee County, TX. He served as the 9th Governor of Wyoming from 1915 - 1917 and was a US Senator from Wyoming from 1917 to 1933.
1876 -- The Southern Pacific rail line from Los Angeles to San Francisco was completed.
1899 -- Carnation processed its first can of evaporated milk.
1901 -- President William McKinley was shot and mortally wounded. He died 8 days later. The shooter was identified as Leon Czolgosz - an American anarchist, and he was executed the following October.
1909 -- Robert Peary, American explorer, sent word that he had reached the North Pole. He had actually reached it 5 months earlier.
1937 -- Benny Goodman and his orchestra recorded "Sugar Foot Stomp".
1939 -- South Africa declared war on Germany.
1941 -- Jews in German-occupied areas were ordered to wear the Star of David with the word "JEW" inscribed. The order applied to Jews over the age of 6.
1943 -- the youngest player to appear in an American League baseball game was pitcher Carl Scheib of the Philadelphia Athletics. He was 16 years, 8 months and 5 days old.
1944 -- During World War II, the British government relaxed blackout restrictions and suspended compulsory training for the Home Guard.
1952 -- In Montreal, Canadian television began broadcasting.
1959 -- the first Barbie Doll was sold by Mattel Toy Corporation.
1969 -- After a show in the Memphis Mid-Southern Coliseum, James Brown announced his retirement from live performances after July 4, 1970.
1970 -- Palestinian guerrillas seized control of 3 jetliners. After the crews and passengers were evacuated the jets were blown up while on the ground in Jordan.
1972 -- Rick DeMont lost the gold medal he received in a 400-meter swimming event because a banned drug was found in his system during a routine drug test.
1978 -- James Wickwire and Louis Reichardt reached the top of the world's second largest mountain, Pakistan's K-2. They were the first Americans to reach the summit.
1990 -- Iraq warned that anyone trying to flee the country without permission would be put in prison for life.
1991 -- The name St. Petersburg was restored to Russia's second largest city. The city was founded in 1703 by Peter the Great. The name had to been changed to Petrograd in 1914 and to Leningrad in 1924.
1992 -- a 35 year old man died ten weeks after receiving a transplanted baboon liver.
1995 -- Cal Ripken played his 2,131st consecutive gave setting a new record. Lou Gehrig previously held the record.
1996 -- Eddie Murray, Baltimore Orioles, hit his 500th career home run during a game against the Detroit Tigers. He was only the 3rd person to have at least 3,000 hits and 500 home runs.
2000 -- Scott Sheldon, Texas Rangers, became the 3rd player in major league baseball history to play all 9 positions in one game.
2002 -- In New York, the US Congress convened at Federal hall for a rare special session. The session was held in New York to express the nation's mourning for the loss of September 11, 2001 and for the unity in the war against terrorism.