1636 -- The United States National Guard was created when militia regiments were organized by the General Court of the Massachusetts Bay Colony.
1642 -- New Zealand was discovered by Dutch navigator Abel Tasman.
1769 -- Dartmouth College, in New Hampshire, received its charter.
1798 -- Joseph Reddeford Walker, one of the greatest trailblazing mountain men and the first Anglo-American to see Yosemite was born in Tennessee.
1809 -- The first abdominal surgical procedure was performed in Danville, KY on Jane Todd Crawford. The operation was performed without anesthetic. (OUCH!!!)
1816 -- John Adamson received a patent for a dry dock.
1862 -- An estimated 11,000 Northern soldiers were killed or wounded when Union forces were defeated by Confederates under General Robert E. Lee at the Battle of Fredericksburg.
1883 -- The border between Ontario and Manitoba was established.
1884 -- Percy Everitt received a patent for the first coin-operated weighing machine.
1913 -- It was announced by authorities in Florence, Italy, that the "Mona Lisa" had been recovered. The work was stolen from the Louvre Museum in Paris in 1911.
1913 -- The Federal Reserve System was established.
1918 -- President Wilson arrived in France, becoming the first chief executive of the United States to visit a European country while holding office.
1921 -- Britain, France, Japan and the United States signed the Pacific Treaty.
1925 -- Dick Van Dyke was born in West Plains, Missouri.
1937 -- Japanese forces took the Chinese city of Nanking. An estimated 200,000 Chinese were killed over the next 6 weeks.
1944 - During World War II, the US cruiser Nashville was badly damaged in a Japanese kamikaze suicide attack. 138 people were killed.
1961 -- Anna Mary Robertson Moses, "Grandma Moses", passed away at the age of 101.
1964 -- In El Paso, TX - President Johnson and Mexican President Gustavo Diaz Ordaz set off an explosion that diverted the Rio Grande River, reshaping the US-Mexico border. This ended a century old border dispute.
1966 -- the rights to the first four Super Bowls were sold to CBS and NBC for a total of $9.5 million.
1978 -- The Philadelphia Mint began stamping the Susan B. Anthony Dollar. The coin began circulation the following July.
1982 -- The Sentry Armored Car Company in New York discovered that $11 million had been stolen from its headquarters overnight. It was the biggest cash theft in US history.
1983 -- The Detroit Pistons defeat the Denver Nuggets by a score of 186-184 in triple overtime, in the highest scoring game in the history of the NBA.
1994 -- An American Eagle commuter plane carrying 20 people crashed short of Raleigh-Durham International Airport in North Carolina, killing 15 people.
1998 -- Gary Anderson (Minnesota Vikings) kicked 6 field goals against Baltimore. In the game, Anderson set an NFL record for 34 straight field goals without a miss.
2000 -- Vice President Al Gore conceded the 2000 Presidential election to Texas Governor George W. Bush.
2000 -- Seven convicts, the "Texas 7", escaped from Connally Unit in Kennedy, TX, southeast of San Antonio, by overpowering civilian workers and prison employees. They fled with stolen clothing, pickup truck and 16 guns and ammunition.
2001 -- The US government released a video tape that showed Osama bin Laden and others discussing their knowledge of the terrorist attacks on the US September 11, 2001.
2001 -- President George W. Bush served formal notice to Russia that the United States was withdrawing from the 1971 Anti-Ballistic Missile Treaty.
2001 -- Israel severed all contact with Yasser Arafat. Israel also launched air strikes and sent troops into Palestine in response to a bus ambush that killed 10 Israelis.
2001 -- Gunmen stormed the Indian Parliament and killed 7 people, injuring 18. Security forces killed the attackers during a 90- minute gun battle.
2003 -- Suddam Hussein was captured. After spending 9 months on the run. Finally executed for his crimes December 30, 2006.
"IT IS WHEN A PEOPLE FORGET GOD THAT TYRANTS FORGE THEIR CHAINS."