1498 ... Christopher Columbus left on his third voyage of exploration.
1546 ... Peace of Ardes ended the war between France and England.
1654 ... Louis XIV was crowned king of France.
1712 ... The Pennsylvania Assembly banned the importation of slaves.
1775 ... The United Colonies changed their name to The United States.
1776 ... Richard Henry Lee of Virginia proposed to the Continental Congress a resolution calling for a Declaration of Independence.
1863 ... Mexico City was captured by French troops.
1866 ... Chief Seattle dies near the city named for him.
1892 ... J. F. Palmer patented the cord bicycle tire.
1892 ... John Joseph Doyle became the first pinch-hitter in baseball when he was used in a game.
1909 ... Mary Pickford made her motion picture debut in "The Violin Maker of Cremona".
1909 ... Jessica Tandy was born.
1917 ... Dino Paul Crocetti was born. Best known for being "Dean Martin".
1929 ... the sovereign state of Vatican city came into existence as copies of the Lateran Treaty were exchanged in Rome.
1932 ... over 7,000 war veterans marched on Washington, DC, demanding their bonuses.
1942 ... The Battle of Midway ended. The sea and air battle lasted 4 days. Japan lost 4 carriers, a cruiser and 292 aircraft, suffered 2500 casualties. The United States lost the Yorktown, the destroyer USS Hammann, 145 aircraft, and suffered 307 casualties.
1942 ... Japan landed troops on the islands of Attu and Kiska in the Aleutians. The United States invaded and recaptured the Aleutians one year later.
1943 ... Ken Osmond was born. Also known as Eddie Haskell in the original "Leave It to Beaver" series.
1944 ... Off the coast of Normandy, France, the "Susan B. Anthony" sank. All 2,689 people aboard survived!
1948 ... The Communists completed their takeover of Czechoslovakia.
1952 ... Liam Neeson was born.
1955 ... "The $64,000 Question" premiered.
1966 ... Sony Corporation unveiled its brand new consumer home videotape recorder. The black and white unit sold for $995.
1966 ... Roy Orbison's first wife, Claudette, was killed in a motorcycle accident.
1965 ... "Gemini 4" mission was completed. The mission featured the first spacewalk by an American.
1968 ... In Operations Swift Saber, US Marines swept an area 10 miles northwest of Danang in South Vietnam.
1969 ... Johnny Cash debuted his own network show on CBS-TV.
1976 ... "The NBC Nightly News" with John Chancellor and David Brinkley, aired for the first time.
1981 ... Israeli F-16 fighter-bombers destroyed Iraq's only nuclear reactor.