1784 -- Zachary Taylor was born.
1835 -- The Texas Rangers organization was officially established by the Texas provisional government. In 1823, Stephen F. Austin had hired 10 rangers to help protect his colonists against Indian raids.
1849 -- John Froelich, inventor of the gas-powered tractor was born.
1853 -- Bat Masterson was born.
1859 -- Charles Darwin, a British naturalist, published "On the Origin of Species". It was the paper in which he explained his theory of evolution thru the process of natural selection.
1863 -- During the Civil War, the battle for Lookout Mountain began in Tennessee.
1871 -- The National Rifle Association was incorporated in the US.
1874 -- Joseph F. Glidden was granted a patent for a barbed fencing material.
1903 -- Clyde J. Coleman received a patent for an electric self-starter for an automobile.
1924 -- Boles Children's Home, originally known as Boles Orphan's Home, received their first 10 orphans.
1932 -- The FBI crime lab opens its doors for business.
1940 -- Nazis closed off the Jewish ghetto in Warsaw, Poland. Over the next 3 years the population dropped from 350,000 to 70,000 due to starvation, disease, and deportations to concentration camps.
1943 -- Doris Miller, a Texan and the first African-American hero of World War II, died when the USS Liscome Bay was torpedoed near Butaritari Island. The USS Miller, a Knox-class frigate, was later named after him.
1944 -- During World War II, the first raid against the Japanese capital of Tokyo was made by land-based US bombers.
1947 -- John Steinbeck's novel, "The Pearl" was published for the first time.
1960 -- Wilt Chamberlain, Philadelphia Warrior, snags 55 rebounds in a game against the Boston Celtic
1963 -- Dallas nightclub owner, Jack Ruby, shot and killed Lee Harvey Oswald live on national television.
1969 -- Apollo 12 landed safely in the Pacific Ocean bringing an end to the second manned mission to the moon.
1971 -- Hijacker Dan Cooper parachuted from a Northwest Airlines 727 over Washington state with $200,000 in ransom.
1983 -- The Palestine Liberation Organization released 6 Israeli prisoners in exchange for the release of 4,500 Palestinians and Lebanese held by the Israelis.
1985 -- In Malta, Egyptian commandos stormed an Egyptian jetliner. 60 people died in the raid.
1993 -- The US Congress gave its final approval to the Brady handgun control bill.
1993 -- Robert Thompson and Jon Venables - both 11 years old - were convicted of murdering 2 year old James Bulger of Liverpool, England. They were both sentenced to "indefinite detention".
1993 -- Robin Williams stars in "Mrs. Doubtfire". (One of my all time favorite movies! :-))
1995 -- In Ireland, the voters narrowly approved a constitutional amendment legalizing divorce.
1996 -- Rusty Wallace won the first NASCAR event held in Japan.
1996 -- Barry Sanders (Detroit Lions) set an NFL record when he recorded his 8th straight 1,000 yard season.